By the people, for the people and with the people.
Form of government in which one person or a small group possesses absolute power without effective constitutional limitations.
Impunity: Exemption or freedom from punishment, harm, or loss.
The constitution of Belize does not reflect democracy, but rather a monarchical dictatorship where the power lies in the hands of a few who can dictate as they please without respecting rules and regulations, and as a result, after 38 years of independence they have established a path of corruption and impunity. Belize needs an urgent surgery in its constitution.
National Plan for Prevention and Fight against Corruption 2013-2017 – Ecuador Acts of corruption:
The exercise of power requires several mechanisms to achieve continuity, permanence and growth; these mechanisms are in turn important factors in, or direct and indirect sources of, corruption. The most common and widespread mechanism is usually clientelistic practices. These practices are characterized by the delivery of works, favors or quotas of power from public authorities to their electors or supporters in exchange for specific political support. This practice does not happen only within the framework of relations between voters and elected authorities, but between different levels of government, from top to bottom and vice versa.
The use of public spaces and institutions for the development of private or corporate agendas is another mechanism of unethical use of power based on particular interests. The manipulation, or interested use of information of a reserved nature, is another mechanism that uses power for its own purposes. As an example, reserved information on development can be used to channel investments that report huge profits, with almost no risk to the investor.
The phenomena mentioned, which start from the illicit use of power, in turn result in its expansion and growth. The vicious circle is encouraged, in which corruption “feeds back and feeds power”. Finally, this type of power is based and is aimed at achieving impunity against the social group. It is no coincidence that the Constitution does not mention state powers, but rather functions that state institutions must fulfill in order to meet the highest objectives of the common good, of good living. It cannot be argued that corruption is typical of underdeveloped countries; or that has always existed; or that it is exclusive of bureaucratic-state gigantism; or that it is only a problem of individual morality; or that on the contrary it belongs to the system and not to the people; or is equivalent to immorality or crime. On the contrary, corruption is a phenomenon that encompasses all the institutions and forms of organization of society, in a process in which individuals degenerate due to the organizations they create and these, in turn, pollute new individuals. That is why we can say that corruption is a system that generates its own “non-legal” social norms of behavior that validate it and even show it as useful in certain spaces of social coexistence.
August 9, 2019